TYPES OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
There are different types of hyperpigmentation as well. Here is an overview of the different types and their characteristics:
Melasma: This type of hyperpigmentation can occur during hormonal changes, such as pregnancy. It can also occur as a result of sun damage. Like most types of hyperpigmentation, it can appear all over the body. However, some areas such as the abdomen and face are more common.
Sun damage: Prolonged sun exposure can lead to freckle pigmentation, liver spots, or solar lentigines. This is why it is important to use proper sunscreen of at least SPF 15 when you will be exposed to the sun. During the hot summers in Australia, it’s better if you can apply SPF 30 or SPF 50 for stronger protection. Sunspots usually appear on the hands and the face, although other areas frequently in contact with the skin can also cause these spots.
Post-inflammation: Inflammatory hyperpigmentation is caused by an inflammation of the skin. Common skin conditions that cause inflammation are acne.